Is this fraud?
I am aware of a plat that was done a little over ten years ago. The PLS that issued the plat identifies it as a "plat of survey of the Joe Bleaux Family partition", identifies the bearing base that he used, states the standards the "survey" was done to and makes the piece of paper look like a survey was done of a piece of property that divided a tract into two tracts.
This plat was sent to the parish for approval and it was approved.
At the bottom of the "notes" section is a statement that basically says that no field work was done to produce this "survey".
The state board can't do anything about the minimum standards issues because it can only act for five years after the work was done, however, in cases of fraud it can act for two years from the date of discovery, which was two months ago.
I am of the opinion that this is fraud.
Is this fraud?
Terrible practice? Yes! Fraud, I don't think so. Fraud is a step beyond doing a bad job. He does have a note sort of covering him self although saying no field work was done probably wouldn't meet minimum standards. I've seen more than one of these in my day.
I'm thinking since there is a "disclaimer" upon the document that fraud would be difficult to "prove"; as opposed to indicating corners were set or found on a document when no field survey was performed.
LA Civil Code 1953
SECTION 2. FRAUD
Fraud is a misrepresentation or a suppression of the truth made with the intention either to obtain an unjust advantage for one party or to cause a loss or inconvenience to the other.
I ain't no lawyer, but at first glance it looks like if you put the client on notice that they're getting a substandard product, it can't be fraud.
This exact thing was pretty common here in Clark County, Washington in the 70's and 80's. Many were recorded by the subdivider without a Surveyor even involved. Poor practice, but not illegal. At least not then.
Also I've seen plenty of deeds creating lots by description only. Neither illegal nor unethical.