How do sight triangles work?
Pictured below is a sight triangle shown as right of way, I am interested if anyone knows why sight triangles seem to vary. The one I have attached is shown as right of way, which means the minimum set back line is effected by site triangle since it is shown as right of way. This site triangle below is 150'x150'. I have recently seen one that was 125'x125' and the minimum building line was not effected and it appeared to be shown as an easement on the other plat. Does someone perhaps know if there are more than one type of site triangle or if one can be taken as right of way versus an easement? Should this effect the minimum building line as shown?
Thanks and any insight is welcomed.
I agree with most of the comments above regarding local rules and regulations.
I also have another possibility in mind.
Depending on what type of map/plan was shown in the original post, the "MBL" may have been established as part of a plat or development plan approved by the local jurisdiction. Perhaps it has been set back from the sight triangle, as opposed to the apparent ROW line, due to concessions that the developer made to the jurisdiction or perhaps even because the developer was intending a certain look and feel within the subdivision.
Or there could be road widening plans in the future and the extra setback will be needed to clear the anticipated future improvements.
I have worked in 3 states and several dozen local jurisdictions over my career and can think of other alternatives.
So, short answer - it depends.
What type of map is shown in the OP?
Pitt County; NCDOT Division 2, District 1. (based on info shown in uploads of OP)
I'd start with the surveyor of record on each of the two maps. Give them a call and see what the platting requirements/ governing jurisdictions were (expected to be DOT and Pitt County with the little information shown). That conversation should reveal why the triangles are there and what jurisdiction required them (County's don't own roads in NC so, I put my money on DOT).
If that doesn't get you on target, go to the source of the requirement and ask. Guessing district engineer or county planners.
You've already got a good description of 'sight triangles', easements and rights-of-way from previous posts.
IMO: you are over-thinking the purpose (well described above) of a sight triangle. They are required, and enforced, to improve safety along travel ways. Don't put any obstructions within them, unless they conform with the guidelines of the governing jurisdiction.
I'm not a surveyor, but I may be able to answer your question. The proper term is "sight triangle" and it has to do with the proximity of obstructions such as signs or plants near intersections. Placement of such obstructions is regulated so that they do not block the line of sight of drivers entering intersections. A tall sign placed near the curb of an intersection would invite accidents.
There are local laws as well as state laws. This piece from Huntersville, NC gives a very good explanation.
That I don't know, but local building codes probably address it. It seems reasonable that a building within the sight triangle would be a hazard, though.
Zoning codes are unlikely to include "intersection sight distance triangles" these are based on engineering design of the road and speed limits. The Ohio Department of Transportation standards include this chart
addressing both horizontal and vertical sight distance requirements in relation to design speed (usually higher than the planned speed limit) of the through street.
Sight triangles in the city where I used to work were for keeping fences and hedges and other obstructions below a certain height, say 36 inches, within the triangle.
BTW, it would be good to learn more about the terms right-of-way and easement and when, and if, they are different. Too many times the intent is one thing and the interpretation is another. Typically a building set back is from the edge of the property, which in the general case is also the edge of a road (whether in fee or easement/ROW). Additional easements, such as utility or drainage easements may parallel that property line/ROW. That does not impact the building set back, unless some male donkey has screwed up.
generally and depending on your locale, site triangles or sight distance has to do with a vehicle at an intersection (15' back from edge travelway) with a persons 'head' at 3.5' above ground and looking at incoming vehicles from both directions. The angle is relative to the speed limit and location of the vehicle in the travel lane. For more information, look at AASHTO standards - 'Geometric Design of Highways and Streets'. This is important as wrongly computing same and allowing an obstruction within that area can contribute to the cause of an accident.
Easements and setbacks can be tricky legal terms that need to be defined and quantified according to law. I would expect language to be associated with any setback to list exceptions and conditions of it.
In an urban area where there may not be any building setback lines, sight triangles can be ground based and thus a building can be over the easement area if it allows for clear line of sight. Canopies, and floors and above could be exempt from the triangle restriction unless grade deems otherwise. Other than that, all of the above.
PDF page 7 clears up the easement/right of way question for Charlotte, NC.
This one from Monmouth NJ indicates that the easement can't be subject to a mortgage which would seem to exclude it from any foreclosure.
It does seem more complicated than just street geometry.